DSpace Repository

Effects of gum Arabic ingestion on body mass index and body fat percentage in healthy adult females: two-arm randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind trial

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Babike, Rasha
dc.contributor.author Merghani, Tarig H.
dc.contributor.author Elmusharaf, Khalifa
dc.contributor.author Badi, Rehab M.
dc.contributor.author Lang, Florian
dc.contributor.author Saeed, Amal M.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-02T06:58:16Z
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-01T21:00:38Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-02T06:58:16Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-01T21:00:38Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://repo.nusu.edu.sd/xmlui/handle/123456789/283
dc.description.abstract Background: Gum Arabic (acacia Senegal) is a complex polysaccharide indigestible to both humans and animals. It has been considered as a safe dietary fiber by the United States, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since the 1970s. Although its effects were extensively studied in animals, there is paucity of data regarding its quantified use in humans. This study was conducted to determine effects of regular Gum Arabic (GA) ingestion on body mass index and body fat percentage among healthy adult females. Methods: A two-arm randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind trial was conducted in the Department of Physiology at the Khartoum University. A total of 120 healthy females completed the study. They were divided to two groups: A test group of 60 volunteers receiving GA (30 gm /day) for 6 weeks and a placebo group of 60 volunteers receiving pectin (1 gm/day) for the same period of time. Weight and height were measured before and after intervention using standardized height and weight scales. Skin fold thickness was measured using Harpenden Skin fold caliper. Fat percentage was calculated using Jackson and Pollock 7 caliper method and Siri equation. Results: Pre and post analysis among the study group showed significant reduction in BMI by 0.32 (95% CI: 0.17 to 0.47; P<0.0001) and body fat percentage by 2.18% (95% CI: 1.54 to 2.83; P<0.0001) following regular intake of 30 gm /day Gum Arabic for six weeks. Side effects caused by GA ingestion were experienced only in the first week. They included unfavorable viscous sensation in the mouth, early morning nausea, mild diarrhea and bloating abdomen. Conclusions: GA ingestion causes significant reduction in BMI and body fat percentage among healthy adult females. The effect could be exploited in the treatment of obesity en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Nutrition Journal en_US
dc.subject Gum Arabic en_US
dc.subject Obesity en_US
dc.subject BMI en_US
dc.subject Body fat percentage en_US
dc.title Effects of gum Arabic ingestion on body mass index and body fat percentage in healthy adult females: two-arm randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind trial en_US
dc.type Article en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


Browse

My Account